Investigating the Leverage Composition of Pakistani Firms through their Determinants

  • FARAH YASSER University of Management and Technology, Lahore, Pakistan
Keywords: Leverage, Determinants of Capital Structure, Agency cost, Collateral value of assets, Bankruptcy cost

Abstract

To have an ideal mix of debt and equity in a balance sheet of an entity is till to date a very complicated issue for managers as there is no such rule to predict an optimal capital structure. An in-depth understanding is required for the corporate culture, the degree of the development of the capital market and the economy in which the firms operate. This study seeks to investigate the leverage composition of Pakistani corporations through their determinants. Fixed effect regression is used to show the relationship of determinants of capital structure on leverage corporations listed on Karachi Stock Exchange (KSE) for the period of 2006 to 2013. The results suggest that agency cost, growth, age, and size are significantly and negatively associated with the capital structure of Pakistan firms, however, collateral value of asset is significantly but positively associated with the capital structure of the firm. On the other hand, free cash flows, non debt tax shield, profitability, business risk and bankruptcy cost are not significantly associated with leverage composition of the firms and are against the signaling theory and peaking order theory. The key importance of this study is that no prior research was done for determinants like agency cost, free cash flows, bankruptcy cost and age as determinants of capital structure for Pakistani firms among other determinants. Further, this study does not confine to a particular sector rather it covers all companies listed by Karachi Stock Exchange.

Author Biography

FARAH YASSER, University of Management and Technology, Lahore, Pakistan

School of Commerce and Accountancy, Assistant Professor

Published
2016-06-30
How to Cite
YASSER, F. (2016). Investigating the Leverage Composition of Pakistani Firms through their Determinants. Journal of Management and Research, 3(1), 1-23. https://doi.org/10.29145/jmr/31/0301004