Journal of Management and Research https://ojs.umt.edu.pk/index.php/jmr <p style="text-align: justify;">Journal of Management and Research (JMR) is the flagship pragmatic journal in management, aims to present the latest thinking and research on all major and minor management areas in indispensable way for readers. The Journal welcomes a broad view of business and management while encouraging new ideas and advanced perspectives on existing research and promising deep-exploration approach for the future possible research areas.</p> en-US <p style="text-align: justify;">Thus, work submitted to Journal&nbsp;of Management and Research&nbsp;implies that it is original, unpublished work of the authors; neither published previously nor accepted/under consideration for publication elsewhere.&nbsp;</p> jmr@umt.edu.pk (Editorial Office) jmr@umt.edu.pk (Maria Malik) Tue, 19 Jul 2022 00:00:00 +0000 OJS 3.1.1.4 http://blogs.law.harvard.edu/tech/rss 60 The Art of Making Workplace Innovative: A Conceptual Integration of Leader-Member Exchange, Workplace Innovation and Employee Creativity https://ojs.umt.edu.pk/index.php/jmr/article/view/540 <p><em>Increased digitalisation and globalisation forced contemporary business organisations to look for ways to cultivate innovation at different levels such as individual, team and organisational. </em><em>To cultivate innovation at the individual level, organisations need to focus on employee creativity and to provide a favourable working environment. This short commentary aims to conduct an extant literature review to identify if Leader-Member Exchange (LMX) have an impact on employee creativity and if workplace innovation plays any role to strengthen this relationship. Based on the social exchange theory, the literature on LMX, employee creativity, and workplace innovation has been explored. It was conceptualised that LMX an impact on employee creativity and workplace innovation mediates this relationship. </em><em>The conceptual model of this study could help the managers in managing the employees' creativity, innovation and LMX within the organisations to enhance creativity and supportive leadership could help in minimising the uncertainties. Findings of this study suggest</em><em> that</em><em> organisations should implement better LMX practices, better interaction</em> <em>with employees help in the cultivation of ideas to improve employee creativity. </em></p> Ali Iftikhar Choudhary, PhD Scholar, Qurat-ul-ain Aslam, MS Scholar, Rabia Ali ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 https://ojs.umt.edu.pk/index.php/jmr/article/view/540 Fri, 23 Sep 2022 10:40:26 +0000 Impact of Leader-Member Exchange Relationship and Job design on Counterproductive Work Behavior (CWB): The Role of Job Burnout https://ojs.umt.edu.pk/index.php/jmr/article/view/1090 <p>The aim of this study is to synthesize the effect of Leader-member exchange relationship (LMX) and Job design on Counterproductive work behavior (CWB) through the mediating lens of all three dimensions of Job Burnout that based upon Conservation of Resource (COR) theory. A sample size of 350 respondents was used for collecting data with the help of research survey by distributing questionnaires to the employees who are working in public sector universities of higher education sector that are currently based in twin cities (Islamabad and Rawalpindi) of Pakistan. Techniques of Simple and Multiple linear regressions were carried out for accessing mediation analysis via SPSS version 21.0 and AMOS version 27.0.&nbsp; Findings of this study has revealed that LMX relationship is significantly but negatively related to Counterproductive work behavior (CWB) and Job design is significantly and positively related to (CWB). Also Job Burnout is a significant variable that mediates between Leader-member exchange for developing quality exchange relationships, job design and counterproductive work behaviors. This study gave into new insights and results into the existing body of knowledge along with practical implications and outcomes. Limitations for this study along with future directions of research are also discussed at the end.</p> Omer Azam, Syed Tahir Hussain Rizvi, Imran Ghafoor Chaudhry ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 https://ojs.umt.edu.pk/index.php/jmr/article/view/1090 Tue, 19 Jul 2022 12:19:52 +0000 Influence of Corporate Governance on Sustainability Disclosure in Bangladesh https://ojs.umt.edu.pk/index.php/jmr/article/view/601 <p>This research aims to investigate the relationship between an organization’s corporate governance and sustainability disclosure in Bangladesh. The study further designates sustainability reporting disclosure practices. The study used content scrutiny of the yearly statement of 175 companies listed in Dhaka Stock Exchange (DSE) for the year 2018, applying determinants count procedure and ordinary least square (OLS) regression analysis. Findings revealed that the level of sustainability reported among the listed companies in Bangladesh is deficient. Board independence and audit independence have a positive relationship with sustainability reports, but the female members in the board, audit committee size, and corporate governance compliance index have a negative relationship with sustainability as reporting. The board size of the companies is not a significant determinant of sustainability reported. The use of content analysis method for the measurement of sustainability report considering the quantity and ignoring the quality of disclosure, data consideration for only one year may contain subjectivity matter from the researcher’s perspective. Future research should be conducted based on content analysis with a mixed method to increase the quality. The findings of this study guided the essentials for step-up and the pursuance of corporate governance on sustainability exposure. This study contributes to works of literature on the association of corporate governance with sustainability disclosure.</p> Shakhawat Hossain Sarkar ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 https://ojs.umt.edu.pk/index.php/jmr/article/view/601 Tue, 19 Jul 2022 12:18:04 +0000 Role of Charismatic Leadership and Technology Self-Efficacy in HRIS Use Behavior: A Conceptual Study https://ojs.umt.edu.pk/index.php/jmr/article/view/1414 <p>The current study claims that the Human Resource Information System (HRIS) Use Behavior, plays a salient role in utilizing the information technology as intended. Thus, organizations investing in information technology are in dire requirement of developing and implementing the effective interventions. The purpose of this is to optimize information technology adoption and its maximum usage among the HRIS users. The existing knowledge base in HRIS Use Behavior hardly addresses the relationship of Charismatic Leadership and Technology Self-Efficacy in the Unified Theory of Acceptance and Use of Technology (UTAUT). The current study has developed an ‘integrative conceptual model’ contributing a theoretical extension of the UTAUT model, which fills he identified theoretical gaps, grounded on UTAUT, Charismatic Leadership theory, and the Social Cognitive Theory. The salient feature of this study is that it conceptualizes and introduces two constructs: 1) Technology Self-Efficacy and 2) Charismatic Leadership, in extending a validated information system Use Behavior or ‘explanatory model’ as a theoretical contribution. This concept paper argues that the Charismatic Leadership and Technology Self-Efficacy have a positive relationship among the UTAUT model's HRIS Use Behavior-related variables. However, it can be integrated towards arriving at a ‘coherent conceptual model’ to be researched and validated. This particular study has developed a ‘coherent conceptual framework’ in studying the phenomenon of HRIS Use Behavior. Furthermore, it studies the role of Charismatic Leadership and Technology Self-Efficacy in affecting the psychological aspect of the end users of a Human Resource Information System (HRIS)</p> A H U Perera, A K L Jayawardana ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 https://ojs.umt.edu.pk/index.php/jmr/article/view/1414 Tue, 19 Jul 2022 12:13:37 +0000 A Scientometric Analysis of University Business Incubators and Accelerators Based on 20 Year of Research https://ojs.umt.edu.pk/index.php/jmr/article/view/1429 <p>University business incubators (UBIs) are established with a vision to promote entrepreneurship at university levels by providing people with support services. The purpose of this approach is to stimulate the growth and development of new startups, spin-offs, TTOs (Technology transfer offices), and existing firms. (UBIs) are dedicating a facility by providing subsidized office space, consultation, and other services. The current study is aimed to systematically review the literature of university business incubators and accelerators by keeping in view the importance of (UBIs). Besides, it also focuses on their roles of performance in economic and social development by promoting entrepreneurship at university campuses. This study is unique in a sense that it contributes to the university business incubation research by reviewing, synthesizing, and evaluating its literature with ‘citations-based analysis approach’. Data of this research has been analyzed with the ‘Scopus Database’ since, 2001 to 2020. Articles have been screened and shortlisted based on predefined eligibility criteria.&nbsp; We have used ‘R-Studio Biblioshiny Software’ for articles’ scientometric analysis including most influential journals, authors, articles, and top contributing countries. Quantitative analysis has performed including yearly publications trend, citations trend, and top articles based on average citations. VOS-Viewer Software has also been used to perform co-occurrence analysis and co-authorship analysis. The content analysis of top 50, highly cited articles has been conducted to identify the methodological approaches, variables, and theoretical underpinnings. Findings contribute to university business incubation’s (UBIs), literature by analyzing the articles individually, start-ups, incubators, networks, and university levels. Theoretical underpinnings used in (UBIs), represent the ‘institutional theory’, ‘knowledge spillover theory of entrepreneurship’, ‘resource-based view’ (RBV), ‘structural theory’, and ‘triple helix model’.</p> Asghar Ali, Sidra Irfan, Yaamina Salman ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 https://ojs.umt.edu.pk/index.php/jmr/article/view/1429 Tue, 19 Jul 2022 12:02:21 +0000 Task and Relationship Conflicts, Employee Agility, and Perceived Job Performance https://ojs.umt.edu.pk/index.php/jmr/article/view/1248 <p>The investigation into the impact of conflict on the modern approach of employee agility as well as employees’ perceived job performance seems to be a critical topic that has not relatively been touched on yet. The present study aims to look at the influence of conflict on employees’ agility and employee’s perceived job performance. This research divides conflict into two separate dimensions as task and relationship conflict to investigate the impact of each on agility and job performance. The data is collected by employing a self-structured questionnaire using 23 items and a 5-point Likert scale from the employees of a hygiene and sanitation company in Cameroon. The proposed model is examined via PLS-SEM. Overall, the study reveals that there is a negative coefficient in the relationship between relationship conflict and employee’s agility; a significant positive relationship between task conflict and employee agility; and a positive significant relationship between employee’s agility and employee perceived job performance. The generated results validate that task conflict is vital and welcome to workers; thus, managers are expected not to blindly avoid conflicts. The consequence of a constructive conflict can be employee agility which in itself will lead to a high level of job performance.</p> Iman Aghaei, Maziar Haghani, Esombe Joan Limunga ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 https://ojs.umt.edu.pk/index.php/jmr/article/view/1248 Tue, 19 Jul 2022 09:34:35 +0000 Technopreneurship Education: The Way to Rebuild COVID-19 Affected Economy https://ojs.umt.edu.pk/index.php/jmr/article/view/1175 <p>Technopreneurship is a new mode of entrepreneurship that can help us rebuild the devastated economy. With COVID-19 posing rising unemployment and growth related challenges, technopreneurship can prove to be rewarding by decreasing the burden of government, improving socioeconomic conditions, and creating employment opportunities. Technopreneurship has gained significant traction in Pakistan and successive governments have made considerable efforts to promote this concept. In this regard, universities have been directed to include courses of entrepreneurship and IT in their graduation programs, since universities play a major role in transforming the youth into competent professionals. However, actual technopreneurial activities are still limited. Since the efforts to support technopreneurship are ongoing, the current study tends to evaluate the extent to which educational institutes contribute to these efforts. For this reason, 15 semi-structured interviews were conducted with technopreneurs to take their viewpoint regarding the courses of entrepreneurship and IT taught to them and the role of these courses in their success. Thematic analysis was performed on the collected data. The findings identified that although the courses offered by universities are a motivator for students to adopt technopreneurship as a field, still there exist some significant gaps in teaching methodology and course design. There is a need for additional and latest courses, field-experienced faculty, and the overhauling of the curriculum to create more successful technopreneurs. Suggestions were also provided at the end of the study regarding how educational institutes can strategize to create more technopreneurs in the future. The current study was limited to the vicinity of Lahore, as time and resources were not sufficient to cover other cities. It used a mixture of purposive and snowball sampling techniques which may have impacted the findings, since the individuals in the population did not have an equal chance of being selected for the sample.</p> Yashfeen Qasim, Zulaikha Mahmood ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 https://ojs.umt.edu.pk/index.php/jmr/article/view/1175 Tue, 19 Jul 2022 00:00:00 +0000 The Relationship between Ethical Leadership and Whistle-Blowing: The Moderating Effects of Job Security and Affective Commitment https://ojs.umt.edu.pk/index.php/jmr/article/view/1390 <p>The present study examines the positive impact of ethical leadership on whistleblowing. The study further investigates the role of job security and affective commitment as moderators on the relationship between ethical leadership and whistleblowing. This study examined the fundamental moderating mechanism, which is unique because no such mechanism has been investigated in previous research. A cross-sectional representative sample of 285 Federal Government employees from various Ministries/Divisions and the Benazir Income Support Programme, a corporate body and a renowned social safety net under the Federal Government of Pakistan, was collected. Of the 285 questionnaires, only 241 were deemed useable and were analyzed. A statistical analysis was carried out through correlation, descriptive, and moderated regression analysis. The results supported the first three hypotheses that ethical leadership and whistleblowing had a positive relationship. Furthermore, job security moderated the positive relationship between ethical leadership and whistleblowing, such that the relationship is stronger for employees with high job security and weaker for employees with low job security. Affective commitment also moderated the relationship directly meaning that the relationship is stronger when the affective commitment is strong and weaker when it is weak. Discussion, implications, limitations, and future directions have been suggested in accordance with the results of the study.</p> Adnan Riaz, Syed Tauqeer Hussain Shah, Malik Muhammad Afzal, Muhammad Arif Khattak ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 https://ojs.umt.edu.pk/index.php/jmr/article/view/1390 Tue, 19 Jul 2022 00:00:00 +0000 Towards Effective Co-creation of Value: Case Study of a Public University of Pakistan https://ojs.umt.edu.pk/index.php/jmr/article/view/1395 <p>This study examines the co-creation between a public university and industry and the building blocks that shape co-creation in the context of Pakistan. A conceptual framework has been developed based on the perspective of Service Dominant Logic, which connotes that value is created from the integration of resources through interactions between co-creating partners. The aim of this study is to elucidate the types of resources used for integration by employing different modes of interactions for value creation sought by the university and industry. For this purpose, a case study based on the co-creation between the Centre of Excellence for Molecular Biology (CEMB) at University of the Punjab and Four Brothers (Pvt) Ltd is conducted, to develop Transgenic Cotton technology, which was first of its kind in Pakistan. Qualitative data was obtained through semi-structured interviews from a sample of 13 respondents. Thematic analysis was used after transcribing and importing data to NVivo 12 plus. The study revealed the type of resources, interactions and value or outcome sought that characterized the successful co-creation. It also highlights the challenges faced during the collaborative project. Finally, the recommendations are proposed for the enhancement of co-creation within the context of industry and public university of Pakistan.</p> Farwa Saeed, Nasira Jabeen, Yaamina Salman ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 https://ojs.umt.edu.pk/index.php/jmr/article/view/1395 Tue, 19 Jul 2022 00:00:00 +0000 Factors affecting Virtual Team Performance: A Theoretical Integration https://ojs.umt.edu.pk/index.php/jmr/article/view/1413 <p>Organizations require E-leadership and virtual team performance to face the challenges within the dynamic environment. Though E-leadership is a concept that has previously been discussed, academic literature on this concept is scarce. The authors drew on the leader-member exchange theory and social cognitive theory to address these problems by proposing the mediation effect of technology self-efficacy and moderating effect of corporate culture on the relationship between E-leadership and virtual team performance. This conceptualization contributes to the expansion of understanding on virtual team performance through E-leadership. It provides practitioners and managers with insights into strategies they can utilize to enhance the virtual team performance of the organizations.</p> S D Weerawardane, A K L Jayawardana ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 https://ojs.umt.edu.pk/index.php/jmr/article/view/1413 Tue, 19 Jul 2022 00:00:00 +0000