The Relationship between Ethical Leadership and Whistle-Blowing: The Moderating Effects of Job Security and Affective Commitment

  • Adnan Riaz Department of Business Administration, Allama Iqbal Open University, Islamabad
  • Syed Tauqeer Hussain Shah Department of Business Administration, Allama Iqbal Open University, Islamabad
  • Malik Muhammad Afzal Deputy Director, National Vocational and Technical Training Commission, Headquarter, Islamabad
  • Muhammad Arif Khattak Department of Management Sciences, Bahria University, Islamabad
Keywords: Ethical Leadership, Job Security, Affective Commitment, Whistleblowing, Public Sector, Pakistan.

Abstract

The present study examines the positive impact of ethical leadership on whistleblowing. The study further investigates the role of job security and affective commitment as moderators on the relationship between ethical leadership and whistleblowing. This study examined the fundamental moderating mechanism, which is unique because no such mechanism has been investigated in previous research. A cross-sectional representative sample of 285 Federal Government employees from various Ministries/Divisions and the Benazir Income Support Programme, a corporate body and a renowned social safety net under the Federal Government of Pakistan, was collected. Of the 285 questionnaires, only 241 were deemed useable and were analyzed. A statistical analysis was carried out through correlation, descriptive, and moderated regression analysis. The results supported the first three hypotheses that ethical leadership and whistleblowing had a positive relationship. Furthermore, job security moderated the positive relationship between ethical leadership and whistleblowing, such that the relationship is stronger for employees with high job security and weaker for employees with low job security. Affective commitment also moderated the relationship directly meaning that the relationship is stronger when the affective commitment is strong and weaker when it is weak. Discussion, implications, limitations, and future directions have been suggested in accordance with the results of the study.

Published
2022-07-19
How to Cite
Riaz, A., Shah, S. T. H., Afzal, M. M., & Khattak, M. A. (2022). The Relationship between Ethical Leadership and Whistle-Blowing: The Moderating Effects of Job Security and Affective Commitment. Journal of Management and Research, 9(1). https://doi.org/10.29145/jmr/91/09