Panel Data Analysis of Institutional Quality and Population Health Outcomes

  • Sania Rehmat PhD Scholar, Quaid-i-Azam University, Islamabad, Pakistan
  • Muhammad Tariq Majeed Associate Professor, Quaid-i-Azam University, Islamabad, Pakistan
  • Abida Zainab Research Assistant, Planning Commission and Development, Islamabad, Pakistan
Keywords: health outcomes, institutional quality


This study investigates the institutional quality effect on population health outcomes. Explanatory variables are government stability, corruption, law and order, democratic accountability and bureaucracy quality. Whereas for the population health proxies are infant mortality rate and life expectancy. The sample of this study consist of 105 countries. Five years’ average data from 1984 to 2012 is taken from the Political Risk Services Group and World Development Indicators 2015. This study considers econometric techniques like Fixed Effects, Random Effects and GMM. Study findings indicate that population health is positively affected by the institutional quality that is increasing life expectancy and dropping infant mortality rate. Furthermore, GDP per capita, physician, and population density display a positive influence on life expectancy. The results propose that to achieve population better health outcomes, authorities must cautiously contemplate the quality of institutions.


Download data is not yet available.
How to Cite
Rehmat, S., Majeed, M., & Zainab, A. (2020). Panel Data Analysis of Institutional Quality and Population Health Outcomes. Empirical Economic Review, 3(1), 21-42. Retrieved from