An Assessment of the Smart COVID-19 Approach to Lockdown and its Empirical Evidence

  • Abdul Ghaffar Research Data Center, Pakistan
  • Mubbasher Munir School of Engineering and Natural Sciences, Istanbul Medipol University, Istanbul, Turkey. Faculty of Informatics and Computing, Universiti Sultan Zainul Abideen, Malaysia
  • Osama Aziz Ryerson University, Toronto, Canada
  • Rada Alhajj School of Engineering and Natural Sciences, Istanbul Medipol University, Istanbul, Turkey. Department of Computer Science, University of Calgary, Calgary, Alberta, Canada. Department of Health Informatics, University of Southern Denmark, Odense, Denmark
  • Asif Sanaullah Universiti Sultan Zainul Abideen, Malaysia
Keywords: Coronavirus, Polynomial Curve, COVID-19, smart lockdown, social distancing

Abstract

COVID-19 is a new and contagious disease that has changed human lifestyle and habits globally according to the directions provided by the World Health Organization (WHO). Until some authentic remedy or vaccine becomes available, every country is providing instructions to its public to follow precautionary measures. These measures may include lockdown, social distancing, restricting movement, and educating public about COVID-19. Lockdown is the most applied and successful way to control the virus spread and it remains helpful in curtailing the spike. However, it adversely affects developing countries like Pakistan. All types of lockdown disrupt the life of the poor and the middle class. In this paper, an intelligent-smart approach is suggested for developing countries as against complete lockdown to handle the pandemic. This approach will show the long-term results needed for controlling COVID-19 without creating any major disturbance in the economy. In this paper, evidence based approaches were used to evaluate the short-term and long-term effects of the daily increasing number of cases of COVID-19 in Pakistan. The results showed that Sindh, which has the maximum number of COVID-19 cases, is better in implementing smart lockdown as compared to other administrative regions of Pakistan. As the risk of the second wave of COVID-19 is enhanced, it would be effective to continue the intelligent-smart approach with mild SOPs to avoid the disastrous effects of COVID-19 in the future.

Received Date: May 14, 2020, Last Received:  December 10, 2020 Acceptance:  December  25, 2020  

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Published
2020-12-24
How to Cite
Ghaffar, A., Munir, M., Aziz, O., Alhajj, R., & Sanaullah, A. (2020). An Assessment of the Smart COVID-19 Approach to Lockdown and its Empirical Evidence. Empirical Economic Review, 3(2), 31-61. Retrieved from https://ojs.umt.edu.pk/index.php/eer/article/view/405