Journal of Quantitative Methods 2024-05-14T09:53:03+00:00 Sajid Ali [email protected] Open Journal Systems <p style="text-align: justify;"><em>Journal of Quantitative Methods&nbsp;</em>(<em>JQM</em>) is a multidisciplinary bi-annual journal launched in 2017 by the Dr Hasan Murad School of Management (HSM), University of Management and Technology (UMT), Lahore, Pakistan.&nbsp;<em>JQM</em>&nbsp;provides new insights and fosters critical debate about the role of data analysis in business and economics.&nbsp;<em>JQM</em>&nbsp;is a double-blind peer-reviewed publication dedicated to the exchange of the latest academic research and practical information on all the aspects of quantitative methods in business and social sciences. The journal publishes original research papers, reviews, and case studies by academicians and professionals.</p> The Outbreak of Covid-19 Pandemic: A Discourse Analysis of Economic Impact in Africa 2024-05-14T09:16:58+00:00 Haruna Usman Modibbo [email protected] <p><strong>Background:</strong> The outbreak of Covid-19 pandemic has brought serious consequences on the socioeconomic conditions of many countries across the globe due to the stringent measures taken to curb its spread by governments at various levels. However, these consequences varied across regions and sectors.</p> <p><strong>Objective:</strong> This study therefore attempts to analyse the trend of Covid-19 and the economic burden caused by the pandemic on 54 African countries using the cross-sectional data of covid-19 update report of 1<sup>st</sup> and 11<sup>th</sup> November, 2020.</p> <p><strong>Method:</strong> The study employed descriptive statistical techniques as well as discourse analysis approach to analyze the impact of the pandemic on African countries.</p> <p><strong>Results:</strong> Although Africa has not been enormously affected in terms of the incidence and prevalence rates of the covid-19, the findings indicated that the pandemic has significant negative impact on various sectors of African economy notably aviation, education and health which consequently brought a serious setback in the overall growth and development in the region. Also, a strong correlation was found to exist between the number of covid-19 cases and deaths associated with the pandemic.</p> <p><strong>Conclusion:</strong> The fact that the pandemic still exists and some countries have already entered into second wave, the study recommends for additional investment in the health sector in order to sufficiently equip the isolation centers with all necessary facilities to fast-track the treatment process. Also, the study calls for rigorous commitments on the part of governments to invest massively particularly in the highly affected sectors and come up with policies for ease of doing business in the region. This will provide more job opportunities thereby reducing the level of poverty especially in the post covid-19 period.</p> 2024-05-14T09:16:58+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## New Classical Theory holds in case of Pakistan: An Evidence from Micro data 2024-05-14T08:54:23+00:00 Aliya Naz [email protected] <p style="text-align: justify;"><em>Migration is an active procedure and it plays a vital role in the growth of the country. There are many determinants and factors of migration such as wage, employment, education, age, marriage, and job-related variables (Job search, transfer of job) (Labour Force Survey of Pakistan). The migration may be internal, external, regional, and rural-urban. This study examines the intertemporal analysis of rural-urban migration in Pakistan by using micro data (Labour Force Survey of Pakistan). This study also investigates that “Neo Classical Theory of Migration” holds in case of Pakistan. The dependent variable is migration which is binary or dichotomous, so the objectives of study are estimated by the logistic regression model. The results show that the Neo-classical theory exists in case of Pakistan, and wage is the most significant and positive determinant of migration in Pakistan.</em></p> <p>&nbsp;</p> 2024-05-14T08:54:23+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Impact of Profitability on Trade Credit Supply of Pakistani Firms: A Moderating Role of Financial Distress 2024-05-14T09:53:03+00:00 Sadaf Noreen [email protected] Ahsan Riaz [email protected] Nimra Riaz [email protected] Nadeem Nazir [email protected] Nadia Sadiq [email protected] <p>This research aims to elucidate the relationship between trade credit (supply) and the profitability/growth of non-financial companies in Pakistan. The 386 unbalanced panels listed in Pakistan Stock Exchange between 2004 and 2017 are analyzed through GMM with 3976 annual observations. The research indicated the insignificant relationship between profitability and growth with the net trade credit of non-financial companies. On the other hand, net trade credit positively correlates with return on equity, company size, and age. Financial distress has a significant moderating effect on net trade credit, and firms need to increase return on equity and growth to overcome financial distress.</p> 2023-12-27T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Triple Bottom Line Corporate Sustainability and Organizational Performance: The Mediation of Employees Work Engagement 2024-05-14T09:50:40+00:00 Fizza Kanwal [email protected] Umer Ayub [email protected] Kashif Rathore [email protected] <p>Management scholars are currently focusing on designing research that could cater the big issues of 21<sup>st</sup> century organizations including sustainability. Current research uses and extends Triple Bottom Line perspective that conceptualizes sustainability as comprising of economic, social and environmental dimensions. Though most of the previous research has focused on sustainability as a consequence of innovation and quality, present research contributes to literature by studying corporate sustainability as an antecedent of quality performance and innovation performance. Employees’ work engagement has also been incorporated in the framework as a potential mediator. To test the conceptual framework, a positivist research philosophy was utilized with cross-sectional design and quantitative approach via structured questionnaires. Data was collected from Iron and Steel Industry of Pakistan that has second highest growth rate for year 2017-18, and the responses aggregated to 216 in number. Structural equation modeling was used to validate the constructs through measurement model, and to test the hypotheses through structural model. The results revealed that corporate sustainability (economic, social and environmental) positively influences organizational performance (quality and innovation performance), and employees’ work engagement partially mediates this relationship. In Pakistan, the GDP and the cost of environmental degradation are increasing simultaneously. Current research offers a solution to this problem through suggesting that adopting sustainable practices can help resolve country’s environmental issues without taking a toll on organizational performance. It also explains that corporate sustainability leads to organizational performance through employees’ work engagement, thus providing an effective way to enhance employees’ work engagement as well.</p> 2023-12-13T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Is this a reality? Occupational stress impacts on Employee Turnover Intention mediated by Democratic Leadership 2023-07-12T09:11:03+00:00 Ahmad Tisman Pasha [email protected] Shahroze Habib [email protected] Syed Faraz Ahmed Gilani [email protected] <h2>Abstract:</h2> <p><strong>Purpose</strong> – Human Resource is an essential asset of any organization. Competent pool of employees imparts their potential for the success and sustainability of the organization but the democracy which prevail in some organizations render the potential of employees and employees suffered stress and anxiety which ultimately lead them towards quitting their jobs.</p> <p><strong>Design/methodology/approach</strong> – Self-administered, and online method for surveying was used the gathering of data of the Pakistani banking sector. The data were collected from the 315 respondents. 400 questionnaires were distributed but get back only 315 responses for analysis.</p> <p><strong>Findings</strong> – The structural model of Smart PLS and construct reliability and validity model were used which inclined towards the significant relationship between the variables. Results show that occupational stress and democratic leadership have contingent effect on the employee turnover intention.</p> <p><strong>Practical Implications</strong> – organizations should eradicate the occupational stress on employees. They should develop the self confidence among the employees. Democracy should be minimized, and employees should be rewarded according to their performance not favoritism. These practices can eliminate the turnover intentions from the mind of employees.</p> <p><strong>Originality/Value</strong> – This study suggests that Occupational stress is the important factors that influence directly on the Employee Turnover Intention and Democratic Leadership also mediated the effect of Occupational stress and Employee turnover intention.</p> 2023-07-12T09:11:02+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Inflation Forecasting Under Different Macroeconomic Conditions: A Case Study of Pakistan 2023-10-27T13:09:13+00:00 Iqra Iqbal [email protected] Ahsan Satti [email protected] <p><em>Inflation forecasting has been important task for monetary authorities, policy makers and government. Prediction about inflation confer us a precise image of how the economy is expected to accomplish in the future. It is essential job for researchers to examine which methods are suitable for inflation forecasting. We have used Naive model, ARIMA model, Philips curve model and Philips Curve (TAR) under different macroeconomic conditions with reference to real-time, revised and final data from 1974 to 2014 and predicted out-of-sample inflation forecast for 2015, </em><em>afterward we roll-forward our regression from 1975 to 2015 to forecast inflation for 2016.We have analyzed naive model is superior to other modelsbecause RMSE and MAE of naive model are less than other models by using real-time, revised and final data for one year-ahead out-of-sample inflation forecasting. On the other hand for two years ahead out of sample inflation forecast, according to real-time data RMSE shows that naive model is most superior to other models whereas MAE shows that Philips curve Threshold auto regressive model is most superior to other models. According to revised and final data for two years ahead out of sample inflation forecasting both forecasting accuracy measures shows Naive model is most superior to other models.</em></p> 2023-07-12T09:10:09+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Economic Welfare and the COVID-19 Pandemic in Nigeria: An Overview of the First Half of 2020 2023-07-12T09:09:07+00:00 Olakunle Jimoh [email protected] <p><em>Corona virus pandemic is a current misery not only to health status but also to economic wellbeing and to the world at large. This study examines the relationship between the pandemic outbreak and economic welfare using daily data on proximate economic welfare measures-real Gdp and changes in consumer price index-and the disease indicator variables-discharge rate, fatality rate, spread rate and number of tested cases. The Prosperity theory is adopted and the estimation issue is rooted from the robust least squares technique due to the failed normality assumption of the conventional least squares. Results indicate that corona virus due to its spread lowers labour supply and causes production shortages and subsequently results in hike in price and loss of real income value. High discharge rate can increase real income value and hence economic welfare. Immediate Financing, regulatory, equity and diversification strategies are needed to revive the Nigerian economy.</em></p> 2023-07-12T09:09:07+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Unraveling the Mystery of Default Prediction: A Study on the Textile Industry in Pakistan 2024-01-09T09:43:11+00:00 Jahanzaib Alvi [email protected] Imtiaz Arif [email protected] <p>Default events are inevitable in any economy and can have a considerable impact on economic stability. However, predicting defaults before occurrence has always been a challenging task for researchers around the world. In Pakistan, the textile industry experiences a high rate of default, which motivated us to conduct a study on predicting default in this sector. We analyzed data from 134 listed companies in the textile industry between 2000 and 2020, and segregated the industry into three sub-sectors (Composite, Spinning and Weaving with Textile Associated Products) for better analysis. After reviewing the literature, we identified five widely-used default prediction models which led us to perform a comparative study to validate their performance. Findings revealed that Grover’s G-Score Model was the best predictor of default, followed by Springate’s S-Score Model based on both model accuracy and model validation. However, it is important to note that our study is limited to the textile sector and future studies could include other sectors and more advanced methods to improve accuracy. This study can be useful for investors and financial analysts in assessing the risk of default in the textile industry and making informed investment decisions.</p> 2023-06-26T11:07:24+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Hybrid Modeling of Arima, ANN and SVM for Macro Variables Forecasting in Pakistan 2023-02-24T13:08:57+00:00 Hafsa Hina [email protected] Rizwan Ali [email protected] Amena Urooj [email protected] <p style="text-align: justify;"><em>Time series forecasting remains a challenging task owing to its nonlinear, complex and chaotic behavior. The purpose of this paper is to analyze the forecast performance of different models for Pakistan’s macroeconomic variables such as inflation, exchange rate and stock return. In which linear Autoregressive integrated moving average (ARIMA) model and nonlinear models like artificial neural networks (ANN) and Support vector machines (SVM) are employed. Then a hybrid methodology is used which combines the linear ARIMA with nonlinear models of ANN and SVM. The forecasting performance of all models i.e., ARIMA, ANN, SVM, ARIMA-ANN and ARIMA-SVM are compared on the basis of RMSE and MAE. The results indicate that the best forecasting model to achieve high forecast accuracy is the hybrid ARIMA-SVM.</em></p> 2023-02-24T13:08:56+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Empirical Assessment of Business Competitiveness and Income Distribution: A Case of Selected Lower-Middle-Income Economies 2023-07-04T07:58:54+00:00 Muhammad Ibrahim Saeed [email protected] Saima Sarwar [email protected] <p>The present study attempts to quantify the quadratic nexus between income distribution and business competitiveness. The study also adds interaction term of development expenditure with business competitiveness to examine impact of both on income inequality. The present study uses yearly panel data from 2008 to 2018 for 27 lower-middle-income&nbsp;economies. The results of the study are based on Quantile Regression for Panel Data (QRPD). The findings of the study reveal a U-shaped pattern between business competitiveness and income inequality. Further, an insignificant negative impact of development expenditure on income inequality is observed. However, if lower-middle-income economies take into account development expenditure with business competitiveness then the impact on income inequality gets significant with the same sign. The variable urban population is significant and decreases income inequality while broad money (proxy of financial development), trade, and rule of law have a significant role in increasing income inequality. The study suggests that development expenditure and business competitiveness may increase simultaneously for more equal distribution of income. Moreover, standardization of rule of law in lower-middle-income economies is also very important for equal distribution of income.&nbsp;</p> 2023-01-04T11:06:28+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement##